Synonyms: Babesiella berbera, Francaiella caucasica, Francaiella occidentalis (?).
Geographic Distribution: North Africa, USSR, probably southern Europe.
Morphology: Same as B. bovis.
Life Cycle: Same as B. bovis. The vectors in North Africa are Boophilus calcaratus and Rhipicephalus bursa. Transmission occurs thru the egg in the former and stage-to-stage in the latter. The vector in the USSR is Ixodes ricinus.
Pathogenesis: Same as B. bovis.
Treatment: Same as B. bovis.
Remarks: As mentioned above, B. berbera is probably a synonym of B. bovis.